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Friday, 4 October 2013

Monetary history Of Maximino Rome To Gordian III – Part 2

This post is related with the last one and I am continuing it from the poit where I left it.

Maximino represented a new kind of emperor who did not seek to relate to the ruling elites of the empire in the traditional ways. His reign marked the beginning of a period of political instability repeatedly tend to aggravate economic and fiscal problems of the Roman state. In late March of 238 AD, a revolt broke out in Thysdrus (now El Djem), in the province of Africa Proconsular, which had its starting point in the resistance of the landlords against imperial collectors. The governor of the province, the old M. Antonio Roman Gordian Semproniano participated in the revolt and was hailed as emperor, taking his son and namesake as his colleague on the throne.

When the governor of Numidia and the army intervened to quell the revolt, the situation became hopeless for Gordian. About three weeks after its proclamation, were decisively defeated before the walls of Carthage. Gordian II died in the battle and his father hanged himself in the city. This seemed to have been the end of the incident; however, Gordian had charge of announcing the theft to the Roman Senate, who rushed to support them. Maximino and his son were sentenced as public enemies and its officials and supporters in the city wee also killed. The Senate support made the new emperors recognized in many other provinces.

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When news of the quick end of the Gordian reached Rome, it was too late to change course. The emperors were deified dead, and two new occupants of the throne chosen from leading senators, M. Maximo Pupienus Clodius and D. Calvin Celio Balbinus. On the day of their appointment (late April or early May 238) Balbinus Pupienus were forced by the populace of Rome to accept as his colleague with the rank of Caesar, the grandson of Gordian I, M. Antonio Gordian (Gordian III) who was only thirteen years old.

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